Following a series of stakeholder consultations, which he conducted across six regions, Abdellatif Miraoui, Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, unveiled the main lines emerging for his reform of the sector on the educational aspect.
This reform was officially called “National plan to accelerate the transformation of the higher education ecosystem, scientific research and innovation” (PACTESRI). It must gain the support of all relevant actors and partners before being adopted next July to be effective for the start of the 2023-2024 academic year.
For this Abdellatif Miraoui has chosen, for its elaboration, to extend the consultations to the greatest possible number of parties in a logic of co-construction. Furthermore, since the work of the Special Commission for the Development Model (CSMD), this type of consultation process has become the hallmark of ministers who were already members, such as its president. Chakib Benmoussa.
As for The roadmap of National Education, and in line with the guidelines of the New Development Model (NMD), this reform is result-oriented. For each of the degrees of the Bachelor, Master and Doctorate (LMD) system, a set of educational objectives are defined as conditions for obtaining the degree.
Therefore, PACTESRI aims to make graduates responsible and independent citizens, with the technical, linguistic and behavioral skills to help them adapt to changes in the labor market.
As for the holders of master’s degrees, it is a question of making them experts in their respective fields, capable of giving proof of critical judgment and of developing the spirit of innovation necessary to strengthen the competitiveness of the national productive fabric.
For the PhD, the goal is to bring out a new generation of PhD students and teacher-researchers based on international standards and committed to responding to national priorities.
The reform provides that 20% to 30% of the skills acquired during the university course must be linguistic, digital and citizenship skills. But the most important thing is that these skill levels become condition for obtaining the diploma.
For graduation, the reform provides for the first two years of graduation, to increase the rate of student supervision and to encourage the teaching of specialization modules in English. A professionalizing module will be integrated in the third year. It will be co-developed by the economic sectors for their needs, as well as a three-month internship.
The student will take an entrance exam to know his level. On this basis, she will continue the courses in hybrid mode throughout her licensing course. You will be able to obtain the diploma only if you reach the B1 level in English and the B2 level in the language of instruction.
For the master it will be a question of encouraging the teaching of technical modules in English. The student will be able to graduate only if you have a C1 level in English and a C2 level in the main language of instruction. For the doctorate the bar is even higher, since it is necessary to have the certificates of the DALF (Advanced Diploma of French Language) and the TOEIC (English test for international communication) at the time of graduation.
In addition to face-to-face courses, students will be guaranteed access to international digital training platforms in a foreign language.
Digital skills also have a prominent place in this pedagogical architecture. They will also be the subject of training and certificates to be obtained as a condition for obtaining the diploma.
Therefore, licensees will need to obtain Office Automation Application Mastery (Microsoft) certificates. They will also need to acquire coding skills. Master’s students will have to train in particular in digital marketing and cybersecurity.
In addition, the minister unveiled a new concept ofcoding schools. These will be implemented within universities on the successful model of the 1337 school, developed by OCP. They will be accessible to all students, all disciplines together and at any time. They will bear the name of “Code 212” (in reference to the telephone code of Morocco).
Citizenship and transversal skills
The minister also insisted on the importance of soft skills in education reform. For the student it is a question of acquiring the social, professional and entrepreneurial skills that will facilitate his subsequent professional integration.
As recommended by the New Development Model, the reform also insists on training for Moroccan citizenship and values. The goal, in fact, is not simply to train competent professionals, but also responsible citizens.
Abdellatif Miraoui also urged university presidents to encourage para-university activitiesin particular by supporting university clubs that animate student life in the fields of culture, entrepreneurship, languages, etc.
Career centers, these offices of the National Agency for the Promotion of Employment and Skills (ANAPEC) that are multiplying within universities, as well as university incubators dedicated to development, must also play a role in this direction. and diffusion.
A more flexible model
Innovative teaching methods, such as project-based learning or inverted lectures, will be introduced. Abdellatif Miraoui promises to university 4.0theme dear to him.
During the Covid-19 crisis, the Moroccan university presented itself hybrid formation, mixing face to face and remote. PACTESRI intends to capitalize on these results to permanently install a distance learning offer, available to all students.
The student will thus be able, in addition to his / her courses at the faculty, to follow courses on a digital platform designed specifically for this purpose. You may be able to access videos, PDF documents, correct exercises, MCQs, practice works, case studies, etc.
From the beginning of the 2023 academic year, more than 100 courses will be available for semesters 1, 2 and 3. Certification training will also be available in various fields, in particular in the digital field.
PACTESRI also encourages greater flexibility in the student’s undergraduate curriculum by promoting the catwalks between open access and limited access institutions, especially after the DEUG, but also the bridges between the different disciplines.
On the other hand, Abdellatif Miraoui aims to increase the number of students benefiting from a International mobility from 1,500 currently to 15,000. It also intends to develop mobility nationwide, starting this year with 1,000 students. The student will also be able to transfer the credits acquired between universities and disciplines.
A legal framework to be reformed
The implementation of this reform will have to pass through the revision of law 00-01 relating to higher education and the acceleration of the promulgation of the decrees implementing the framework law.
To meet these needs, the status of teacher-researchers it should be revised in order to make the profession more rewarding and attractive to young people. This new status should govern all their interactions with universities, intellectual property institutions and socio-economic actors.
The Minister also promised to increase the number of university professors to one professor for every 50 students in 2025, while it is currently 1 in 68. This is why he promises to reach the figure of 2,000 new recruitments of teacher-researchers per yearagainst the previous 700.
PACTESRI also plans to review the status of public administrative employees to make it more motivating and to establish a student status to meet different needs, in particular mobility, internships, entrepreneurship, sports.
A busy schedule
Preparation for this reform began in December 2021 with internal consultations, through the creation of seven thematic working commissions comprising ministry departments and universities. A digital platform it was created to gather ideas and opinions from different stakeholders.
A consultation process has followed since last February which led Abdellatif Miraoui to meet universities and their partners in six regions. Meetings for the other six remaining Regions are scheduled between 10 May and 10 June.
To consolidate all this work, national meetings will be organized at the end of next June so that the bill can be presented to Parliament in a short time. The preparation of the teaching regulations will begin in October 2022, so that the reform can enter into force starting from the beginning of the 2023-2024 academic year.
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